Ecological monitoring focusses on changes in living organisms and in the physical environment.

The ecological monitoring and benchmarking of a habitat aims at the purposeful and repeated examination of the environment’s state or condition in relation to external stress, or relative to obtaining optimal functionality.

It involves the frequent testing of differences between baseline or initial surveys and follow-up surveys (a continual benchmarking process).

The successful management and utilisation of any natural area clearly depend on obtaining regular, repeated ecological data. From this data, trends in the habitat (soil and vegetation) and animal populations are determined, which serve as guidelines for the future.  

This is true for any natural area, but particularly applies to a wildlife area of limited size that is fenced to contain wildlife and is thus ecologically isolated.

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